On Feb. 9th, 1971, the nine-day Apollo 14 mission to the moon ended when command module Kitty Hawk landed in the Pacific Ocean. It was the eighth manned mission in the Apollo series and the third to land on the moon. During the mission, Commander Alan Shepard and Lunar Module Pilot Edgar Mitchell took two Extra-Vehicular Activities, or moonwalks, collecting 42 kilograms (93 lbs) of moon rock and conducting scientific experiments. They also attempted to locate the rim of 1,000 ft wide Cone Crater on their second EVA, although turned back without finding it. Later examination of their photographs and another mission’s images showed that they came within around 100 feet of the rim.
During the 33 hours Shepard and Mitchell spent on the lunar module Antares, the Kitty Hawk’s Command Module Pilot, Stuart Roosa, was performing his own experiments on board and taking photographs of the moon. Roosa had worked for the US Forest Service before joining NASA, and had brought some seeds on board, many of which germinated upon return to earth; these “Moon trees” were eventually planted around the world, as well as across the United States.
Apollo 14 was the last mission to require quarantine of the astronauts upon return to earth.
ASCE's Aerospace Division applies civil engineering to the exploration and development of the space frontier. Search for information about ASCE committees here.
ASCE awards the Columbia Medal in recognition of sustained outstanding contribution to the advancement of aerospace engineering, sciences and technology in at least one of the following areas: teaching, research, design, development, planning, construction, management, or direct participation in space-borne missions and/or ground-support activities.