On its 100th anniversary, ASCE dedicated Grand Central Terminal (more commonly known as Grand Central Station) as an Historic Civil Engineering Landmark. Grand Central Terminal opened in New York City on February 2, 1913. It is the largest train station in the world by number of platforms: 44, with 67 tracks along them. They are on two levels, both below ground, with 41 tracks on the upper level and 26 on the lower, though the total number of tracks along platforms and in rail yards exceeds 100.
Approximately 750,000 people travel through the terminal each day. The New York Subway station in the terminal is also the busiest stop in the city's subway system.
Three buildings serving essentially the same function have stood on this site. The previous building was torn down beginning in 1903 to accommodate the current building. Grand Central Depot, as it was called, brought several New York Area trains together in one large station. The station opened in October 1871.
The construction of Grand Central created a mini-city within New York, including the Commodore Hotel and various office buildings. It spurred construction throughout the neighborhood in the 1920s including the Chrysler Building.
Visit Grand Central Terminal's website.
To learn about other interesting civil engineering projects, visit the People and Projects section of the ASCE website.