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Fundamentals of Water Treatment Processes: Physical, Chemical and Biological Course Outline

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    Week 1: Water Treatment and Water Contaminants

    Learning Outcomes:

    • Assess Chemical Processes Used in Water Treatment
      • List the processes and where they apply in WT
      • How are these used in a WT plant
    • Recognize Physical Processes Used in Water Treatment
    • Explore Biological Processes Used in Water Treatment
    Topics:
    • Overview of Water Characteristics
    • Water Contaminants
    • Chemical Water Treatment Processes
    • Physical Water Treatment Processes
    • Biological Water Treatment Processes
    • Summary of Water Treatment

    Week 2: Water Chemistry – Kinetics & Reactions

    Learning Outcomes:

    • Differentiate between first and second-order Chemical Reaction Kinetics
    • Explore Catalysts Role in Chemical Reactions
    • Describe Chemical Equilibrium
    • Compare Acids and Bases
    • Define Weak Acid-Weak Base Reactions
    • Define Strong Acid-Strong Base Reactions
    • Recognize Multi-protic Acids and Conjugate Bases
    • Calculate pH for various mixtures and reactions
    Topics:
    • Overview of Water Characteristics
    • Water Contaminants
    • Chemical Water Treatment Processes
    • Physical Water Treatment Processes
    • Biological Water Treatment Processes
    • Summary of Water Treatment
    • Charge Balancing
    • Strong Acid Strong Base Reactions
    • Weak Acid Weak Base Reactions
    • Multi-Protic Acids
    • Conjugate Bases
    • Calculating pH for various mixtures

    Week 3: Water Chemistry - Carbonate Systems & Coordination Chemistry

    Learning Outcomes:

    • Differentiate between Open and Closed Carbonate Systems
    • Predict reactions to the Carbonate system when solids are present or not
    • Recognize Organic Ligands and Complexes
    • Explore Precipitation and Dissolution
    • Interpret Pourbaix Diagrams
    • Investigate Reduction/Oxidation Reactions
    • Assess Corrosion Reactions
    • Explore Iron Chemistry
    • Describe Chlorine Chemistry
    Topics:
    • Carbonate System Chemistry
    • Ligands and Organic Complexes
    • Precipitation and Dissolution Reactions
    • Pourbaix Diagrams
    • Oxidation and Reduction Reactions
    • Corrosion Chemistry
    • Iron Chemistry
    • Chlorine Chemistry

    Week 4: Physical Water Treatment Processes – Mixing, Precipitation and Clarification

    Learning Outcomes:

    • Understand Mixing Goals
    • Understand Coagulation’s Role in Clarification
    • Understand Settling and Flotation
    • Understand Precipitation and Lime Softening
    • Identify Models used for Mixing, Coagulation and Settling
    Topics:
    • Mixing in Water Treatment
    • Mixing with Sweep Flocculation
    • Particle Physics with Coagulation
    • Settling Dynamics
    • Flotation Dynamics
    • Mixing Models
    • Coagulation Models
    • Settling and Flotation Models
    • Precipitation and Lime Softening

    Week 5: Physical Water Treatment Processes – Filtration and Separation Processes

    Learning Outcomes:

    • Recognize Filtration and Separation Processes
    • Visualize Media Filtration Dynamics
    • Investigate Membrane Separation Dynamics
    • Explore Alternative Filtration Dynamics
    • Interpret Models used for Filtration and Separation
    Topics:
    • Media Filtration
    • Low Pressure Membrane Processes
    • High Pressure Membrane Processes
    • Slow Sand Filtration
    • DE Filtration
    • Filtration Models
    • Bench and Pilot Scale Testing

    Week 6: Adsorption, Ion-Exchange and Gas Transfer

    Learning Outcomes:

    • Differentiate between Absorption and Adsorption
    • Explore Adsorption Process Applications
    • Differentiate between Cation and Anion Exchange
    • Investigate Gas Transfer Concepts
    • List Gas Addition to Water Applications
    • List De-gassing Applications
    Topics:
    • Absorption and Adsorption
    • Adsorption Process Applications
    • Cation Exchange, Anion Exchange and Demineralization
    • Gas Transfer
    • Aeration, Ozonation and Gas Addition
    • Degassing Applications

    Week 7: Physical/Chemical Water Treatment Processes - Disinfection, Oxidation and Precipitation

    Learning Outcomes:

    • Assess Disinfection and Oxidation
    • Identify Disinfectants and Oxidants
    • Explore Where Oxidants are Used
    • Recognize Where Disinfectants are Used
    • Describe Disinfection and Oxidation By-Products
    Topics:
    • Disinfectants Used in Drinking Water
    • Oxidants Used in Drinking Water
    • Chlorine Reactions
    • Chloramine Reactions
    • Chlorine Dioxide Reactions
    • UV Reactions
    • Ozone Reactions
    • Electrochemical Reactions
    • Permanganate Reactions
    • Ferrate Reactions
    • Advance Oxidation Reactions

    Week 8: Biological Processes – GAC and Filtration

    Learning Outcomes:

    • Define Biological Processes Used in Water Treatment
    • Identify Biological Processes in Biological Filtration
    • Explore Biological Activity on GAC media
    • Recognize Biological Activity on Ozone BAC Filters
    • Describe Biological Activity on Slow Sand Filters
    • Assess Biological Activity Control Measures in Filters
    Topics:
    • Biological Activity on GAC Filters
    • Biological Activity on Biologically Active Rapid Sand Filters
    • Biological Activity on Slow Sand Filters
    • Biological Activity Control Measures

    Week 9: Biological Processes – Iron, Sulfide & Nitrogen

    Learning Outcomes:

    • Compare Autotrophic and Heterotrophic Bacteria
    • Explore Iron Bacteria Processes and Organisms
    • Assess Sulfide Bacteria and Processes
    • Investigate Nitrate and Nitrite Bacteria and Processes
    • Recognize Ammonia Bacteria and Processes
    Topics:
    • Autotrophic and Heterotrophic Bacteria
    • Biological Iron Removal
    • Biological Treatment of Hydrogen Sulfide
    • Ammonia oxidizing Bacteria
    • Nitrate and Nitrite biological reactions
    • Denitrification Systems

    Week 10: Biological Processes – Other Contaminants

    Learning Outcomes:

    • Describe Where Biological Processes are Being Used
    • Identify Contaminants that can potentially can be removed biologically
    • Assess Natural Organic Removal
    • Interpret DBP Removal
    • Compare Chlorate and Perchlorate Removal
    • Articulate Bromate Removal
    • Explore Chromate Removal
    Topics:
    • Contaminants Amenable to Biological Treatment
    • Natural Organic Matter Removal
    • Trace Organics Removal
    • DBP Removal
    • Chlorate and Perchlorate Removal
    • Bromate Removal
    • Chromate Removal
    • Selenium Removal

    Week 11: Distribution System Reactions

    Learning Outcomes:

    • Identify Chemical Reactions in the Distribution System
    • Assess the impact of Physical Changes in the Distribution System
    • Describe Biological Changes in the Distribution System
    Topics:
    • Chlorine in the Distribution System
    • Chloramine in the Distribution System
    • Corrosion Reactions
    • Temperature, and ORP
    • Calcium Carbonate Precipitation and Dissolution
    • Aluminum Precipitation
    • Aeration, Ozonation and Gas Addition
    • Lead in the Distribution System and Premise Piping
    • Pipe Scale
    • Metals Release from physical and chemical changes to Scale
    • Biofilm reactions
    • Iron bacterial reactions
    • Sulfide bacterial reactions

    Week 12: Combining Treatment Processes

    Learning Outcomes:

    • Analyze Treatment Processes in Conventional Filtration
    • Evaluate Treatment Processes in BAC Filtration
    • Recognize Treatment Processes in Slow Sand Filtration
    • Investigate Treatment Processes in Membrane Filtration
    • Describe Treatment Processes in Lime Softening
    • Assess Treatment Processes in Adsorption Processes
    • Explore Treatment Processes in Ion Exchange
    Topics:
    • Case Study: Conventional Filtration
    • Case Study: BAC Filtration
    • Case Study: Slow Sand Filtration
    • Case Study: Membrane Filtration
    • Case Study: Lime Softening
    • Case Study: Adsorption
    • Case Study: Ion Exchange
    • Case Study: DAF & BAC
    • Case Study: Groundwater Treatment for Nitrate, Chromate, Uranium, & Other Contaminants
    Registration opens soon!

    This course outline is subject to change

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