San Antonio, Texas
Claim to Fame: Out of 16 hangars and support facilities of the Brooks Air Force Field, Old Hangar 9 is the only one still standing from this WWI era training camp.
In its infancy, Hangar Nine housed Curtiss JN-4s ("Jennys") like the one Charles Lindbergh landed there when he reported for duty as a flying cadet in 1924.
As the U.S. was preparing to enter World War I, the Army raced to build an entire airfield, complete with 16 wooden hangars, successfully completing it in less than a year. The last remaining World War I facility of its kind, Hangar Nine at Brooks Air Force Base represents the emergence of fast-track construction methods using available materials and the skills of a local workforce.
The hangars were a focal point of the Army's early flight training program and, as such, figured prominently in America's emergence as a global military power.
Of dozens of similar hangars built during the pre-World War I period, only Hangar Nine remains. In 1969, the military and local community completed a six-year restoration effort that returned Hangar Nine to its original condition, as a tribute to the pioneers of military aviation and aviation facility design. Today it houses the Museum of Aerospace Medicine.
1. The hangars used 65-foot bolted wooden trusses of modified gambrel form and large sliding wooden doors that opened the full width of the building. They were small compared to steel hangars that would follow but could be erected quickly and lasted for decades. The hangars laid the groundwork for fast-track construction methods, many of which are still used today.
2. Hangar 9 is the oldest aircraft hangar on any U.S. military base. Originally built as temporary structures, Hangar 9 and its 15 siblings were used for over 40 years. They were the site many important innovations in flight training, including in-flight instruction, instrument flying and early parachute experiments.
3. Most of the hangars were demolished in 1960. In 1969, the military and local community completed a six-year restoration effort that returned Hangar 9 to its original condition. Today it houses the Museum of Aerospace Medicine.
4. In its infancy, Hangar 9 housed Curtiss JN-4s (Jennys) like the one Charles Lindbergh landed there when he reported for duty as a flying cadet in 1924.
The wooden hangar designs were based on standardized plans by Albert Kahn, the most influential industrial architect of the era. Between 1900 and 1940, Kahn designed over 2,000 factories for the auto and aviation industries.
Detroit Institute of Art. The Legacy of Albert Kahn, Wayne State University Press, 1987. ISBN: 0814318894