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Salginatobel Bridge

Schiers, Graubunden, Switzerland
Completed 1930

Claim to Fame: Designed by Robert Maillart, the Salginatobel Bridge represents a major innovation of structural type – the three-hinged, hollow-bow arch of reinforced concrete – using a new method of staged-arch construction.

Salginatobel Bridge 
Courtesy Flickr/Anthony V.

"The Salginatobel Bridge looks as if it belongs in its magnificent setting. It is not an intrusion, but it is an elegant, serviceable, important structure."
 - James E. Sawyer, PE, ASCE President The Salginatobel Bridge, 1991

The Salginatobel Bridge, spanning the Salgina Valley ravine, is the earliest surviving three-hinged, hollow box arch bridge designed by  Robert Maillart.

Maillart's 1901 invention of the concrete hollow box design became a major bridge building concept. In this design, the concrete arch ring and the concrete deck are joined by longitudinal concrete sidewalls, giving the structure the cross-section of a hollow box. The bridge includes reinforcement in both the spandrel (pillar) walls and the arch to control cracking. The rocky walls of the ravine provide the arch support, obviating the need for stone abutments.  

Maillart's design ran contrary to the prevailing view that bridges should be massive. He believed massive structures would more easily crack and shrink from temperature fluctuations. He also believed in using the best materials, but using them sparingly. This bridge underscores his view, providing the lowest cost of 19 designs submitted for the bridge's original design competition.

Resources
1. Billington, David P., Robert Maillart and the Art of Reinforced Concrete, Architectural History Foundation, 1991.
2. Billington, David P., Robert Maillart, Cambridge University Press, 1997.
3. David P. Billington, Robert Maillart and the Art of Reinforced Concrete, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990.
4. David P. Billington, Robert Maillart's Bridges: The Art of Engineering, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1979.
5. David P. Billington, Robert Maillart: Builder, Designer, and Artist, New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
6. Dupre, Judith, Bridges, Black Dog & Leventhal, 1997.