Approved by the Energy, Environment, and Water Policy Committee on December 19, 2016
Approved by the Policy Review Committee on March 14, 2017
Adopted by the Board on Direction on July 29, 2017
The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) believes that independent peer reviews should be conducted on every water project built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) in which:
- Performance is critical to the public health, safety and welfare.
- Reliability of performance under emergency conditions is critical.
- Innovative materials or techniques are used.
- Projects lacking redundancy in the design.
- Projects that have unique construction sequencing or, a short or overlapping design and construction schedule.
Congress enacted the Water Resources Development Act of 2007 in November 2007. The Act required the Corps of Engineers to carry out independent peer reviews of certain projects only. It limited outside peer reviews to projects costing more than $45 million, to projects whose review is requested by a state governor, or to projects that are controversial due to their size, cost, and environmental impact. In January 2010, the Corps issued guidelines to implement the outside peer review requirement. The guidelines followed the law and limited peer review to select projects. In addition, the guidelines continue the Corps practice of subjecting all projects to a Corps-only review called an "agency internal review."
All peer reviews of large or critical civil works projects must be independent from the USACE. Peer reviews should be part of the planning process and not be used to prevent or delay civil works projects designed to protect the public health, safety, and welfare.
ASCE Policy Statement 519
First Approved in 2006
Also see Policy 351- Peer Review